What it is
A complex pain condition (also known as Interstitial Cystitis) that involves pain, frequency and urgency. While this is thought to be a problem of the bladder, evidence exists supporting that it may involve the pelvic muscles and pelvic floor muscles near the bladder.
Can be characterized by bladder dysfunction frequency and urgency, pain in the area above the pubic bone, and an increased sense of urgency during intercourse. Can coexist with other pelvic conditions including Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Vulvodynia, and even migraine headaches. May be triggered by a urinary tract infection, childbirth, surgery, viral illness, or physical or psychological trauma.
Pelvic Physical Therapy for Painful Bladder Syndrome may include therapies for trigger points and connective tissue massage, reverse Kegels, stress management and pelvic muscle relaxation techniques, and bladder retraining.